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Re: Recording a Violin
Author: Posted by Erik
Date: 04/24/2004

If you look at: http://www.akg.com/products/powerslave,m ynodeid,15,pid,215,id,215,_language,EN,_ view,specs.html
you can see the C 414 B TL II, has -2dB on 2K, a +6dB on 4.5K and +7 dB at 8K.
For something delicate as a string quartett, the upper midrange band is recorded far to emphazized, and starts to sound scratchy and sharp with this microphone. So I am not surprised you are not happy with the sound.
If you would put the TL II on omni, it will already help a bit, but you must place them more apart than the ORTF position, at least 70 cm spaced, and looking a little to the outside of the ensemble to avoid sharpness.
If you want a natural balance, you better work with small diaphragma omni´s. The problem with large diaphragma microphones like the C 414 is, even when they have a flat response, like the C414 B ULS or the Neumann TLM 170, on material like string-quartett you will always get a colouration caused by phase shift in the audible part of the hearing spectrum, giving very easy a nasal sound.
If you use small diameter capsules like the KM 183-130 you do not have that problem, only personally I find the KM 183-130 too sharp around 15K, but many of my collegues find that peak very usefull. Try it your self.
Less peaky alternatives are AKG CK 62, Schoeps MK 2H, DPA 4006 and to stay with Neumann you could also try the KM 131. That last one you must maybe EQ a little, since off axis it sounds a bit dark. If you have the money you could try also the TLM 50 or M 150.
I do not use myself the KM 183-130 and KM 131, since the first two are flat in the diffuse field, and the latter is flat in the direct field. I place mostly my microphones somewhere in between the diffuse and the direct field, therefore I find omni-microphones having an in between correction the most useful, like CK62, MK2H, 4006 and other omni´s peaking 1 to 2 dB at 15K at the most.
 
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